The Agriculture Ecological Discourse

Eco-linguistics Case of Waijewa Ethnic in Sumba-Indonesia

  • Diaspora Tualaka English Department, The University of Persatuan Guru 1945 NTT, Kupang-Indonesia
  • I Ketut Artawa Linguistics Program, the University of Udayana, Denpasar-Indonesia.
  • Made Budiarsa Linguistics Program, the University of Udayana, Denpasar-Indonesia.
  • I Wayan Simpen Linguistics Program, the University of Udayana, Denpasar-Indonesia.
Keywords: Cultural Discourse, Waijewa Ethnic, Eco-linguistics, Agriculture, Ideology


This paper discusses the ideology of agriculture ecological discourse of Waijewa ethnic. In this research, the writer used descriptive qualitative method. The data of this research are the 260 lexicons of the agricultural environment which consist of phrases and texts spoken about the environment in the form of folk tales, legends about an environment commonly found and used by the Waijewa speakers. The instruments or tools used to gain the data were observation and interview. After getting the data, they were analyzed in descriptive based on the theory of ecolinguistics in Bang & door version and the theory of social semiotic combines it in Barthes version. The result showed that the ideology underlying all agricultural activities of the Waijewa community is that there is faith in Marapu (the Waijewa ethnic belief) which dominates the life of Waijewa community. Furthermore, the community of Waijewa collectively depends on the survival of nature according to Marapu’s doctrine.


Bang, J. C., & Døør, J. (2000). Ecology, Ethics & Communication: an essay in eco-linguistics. In Dialectical Ecolinguistics: Three Essays for the Symposium 30 Years of Language and Ecology in Graz December 2000 (pp. 53-82). Syddansk Universitetsforlag.
Barthes, R. (2007). Membedah mitos-mitos budaya masa. Jalasutra.
Bowen, G. A. (2009). Document analysis as a qualitative research method. Qualitative research journal, 9(2), 27.
Langkameng, O. A., & Latupeirissa, D. S. (2020). Cultural Values of Oko Mama: Marriage Proposal Ritual Speech In Bokong Community-Indonesia. The International Journal of Language and Cultural (TIJOLAC), 2(01), 48-57.
Latupeirissa, D. S., Laksana, I. K. D., Artawa, K., & Sosiowati, I. G. A. G. (2019). On Political Language Ideology: Critical View of Indonesian President Speech. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 10(4), 843-850.
Lexy, J. M. (2002). Metodologi penelitian kualitatif. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.
Mahsun, (2011). Metode Penelitian Bahasa. Tahapan strategi,metode, dan tekniknya. – Ed.Revisi Jakarta: Rajawali Pers, PT Raja Grafindo Persada.
Pennebaker, J. W., Mehl, M. R., & Niederhoffer, K. G. (2003). Psychological aspects of natural language use: Our words, our selves. Annual review of psychology, 54(1), 547-577.
Patton, M. Q. (2005). Qualitative research. Encyclopedia of statistics in behavioral science.
Reis, H. T., & Shaver, P. (1988). Intimacy as an interpersonal process. Handbook of personal relationships.
How to Cite
Tualaka, D., Artawa, I. K., Budiarsa, M., & Simpen, I. W. (2020). The Agriculture Ecological Discourse. The International Journal of Language and Cultural (TIJOLAC), 2(02), 22-32. Retrieved from