Transitivity in The Text of Indonesia President Speech

  • Nyoman Supadmi Universitas Udayana, Denpasar, Indonesia
  • I Nengah Sudipa Universitas Udayana, Denpasar, Indonesia
  • Made Budiarsa Universitas Udayana, Denpasar, Indonesia
  • I Ketut Darma Laksana Universitas Udayana, Denpasar, Indonesia
Keywords: Existential process, Relational process, Material process, Government, Community


Text of Indonesian President Joko Widodo speech of 75th Indonesian independent day celebration indicated that the government never give up in facing the situation caused by Covid-19. It indicated that the government cared the Indonesia communities very well by making some efforts to escape from the effect of Covid-19. This paper analysed the text from transitivity point of view. The theory used to analyse was the theory of ideational meaning proposed by Halliday.  The data were obtained from the internet. The result shows that the text was dominated by the material process (88 usages) and relational process (85 usages). The usage of the relational process indicated condition happening in Indonesia. The usage of the material process indicated the efforts done by the Indonesian government to escape from the effect of Covid-19.  Existential process clauses were also found in the text as many as 35 in uses. The usage of the existential process indicated that the government provided some efforts for Indonesian communities. Duration, manner, and purpose circumstances were the three mayor circumstances applied in the text.


Eggins, S. (2004). Introduction to systemic functional linguistics. A & C Black.
Fontaine, L. (2012). Analysing English grammar: A systemic functional introduction. Cambridge University Press.
Halliday, M.A.K. 2014. Halliday’s Introduction To Functional Grammar. London: Routhledge.
Latupeirissa, D. S., Laksana, I. K. D., Artawa, K., & Sosiowati, I. G. A. G. (2019). On Political Language Ideology: Critical View of Indonesian President Speech. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 10(4), 843-850.
Latupeirissa, D. S., Laksana, I. K. D., Artawa, K., & Sosiowati, I. G. A. G. (2018). Repetition in Indonesian political language. International journal of linguistics, literature and culture, 4(6), 72-80.
Satyawati Made Sri, Nidya Fitri, Ketut Artawa, Sawirman, Nyoman Udayana. (2020). Mental Process of Transitivity in Indonesia Court Trial: A Forensic Linguistics. International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 24(2), 4216-4222.
Suardana, I. K., Sudipa, I. N., Sedeng, N., & Sutama, P. (2020). Process of Pan Balang Tamak text. International journal of social sciences, 3(1), 47-54.
How to Cite
Supadmi, N., Sudipa, I. N., Budiarsa, M., & Laksana, I. K. D. (2020). Transitivity in The Text of Indonesia President Speech. The International Journal of Language and Cultural (TIJOLAC), 2(02), 14-21. Retrieved from