The Use of Japanese Synonymous Verbs GIVE
A Corpus-based Study
The current paper presents the synonym of the verb GIVE which in Japanese has at least five synonymous words, namely ataeru, ageru, kureru, kizou suru, and kifu suru. It applied a qualitative descriptive method combined with corpus linguistics. Synonyms of these verbs were observed based on the frequency of their use in written and oral languages in two Japanese corpora. Furthermore, the collocation of each verbs was also being observed. Based on observations on the frequency of use, it is known that these five verbs have differences in the variety of languages used, namely: kizou suru have the lowest frequency of use in written registers. Meanwhile, based on observations on the collocation, depending on the context, these synonymous verbs cannot be used interchangeably. It can, therefore, be concluded that these five synonymous verbs GIVE cannot completely replace each other. There are some usage limitations in the presence of each of these verbs.
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