Screening for Malnutrition and the Effect of Education Using the STRONGkids Application on Increasing Mother's Knowledge and Children's Eating Behavior
This study aims at detecting malnutrition in children using a modified STRONGkids (Screening Tool Risk on Nutritional and Growth) application and increasing maternal knowledge and children’s eating behaviour through the education provided with this application. The study used a quasi-experimental one-group pretest-posttest design. The sample is mothers who have toddlers aged 12 - 59 months, as many as 71 respondents in the working area of the Puskesmas Kecamatan Koja, Jakarta Utara, which were taken by using a purposive sampling technique. Data were analyzed using t dependent test, and AUC analysis using the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve method. The results showed an increase in the average score of maternal knowledge p-value 0,000 and children’s eating behaviour p-value 0.003 between before and after being given intervention using the STRONGkids modification application. The modified STRONGkids application had a sensitivity value of 83.33%, a specificity of 25.71%. The AUC value is 87.5%, which means that the accuracy level of STRONGkids screening is good, so the modification of the STRONGkids application can properly screen malnourished toddlers. The education provided through the application shows a significant effect on the mother’s knowledge and children’s eating behaviour as a risk factor for malnutrition in children under five. This application needs to be further developed in a heterogeneous community group.
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