Phonological Aspects of Korean Tourism Humour in Bali- Indonesia

  • I Made Suamba IKIP Saraswati, Denpasar, Indonesia
  • Made Budiarsa Universitas Udayana Denpasar, Indonesia
  • I Made Suastra Universitas Udayana Denpasar, Indonesia
  • Ni Made Dhanawaty Universitas Udayana Denpasar, Indonesia
Keywords: Phonological Contact, Tourism Humour, Tour Guide, Korean, Bali


Research on the phonological aspects of Korean tour guide humour is focused on research on the differences in phonemic sounds between Korean and Indonesian, in which, sounds that are difficult to be pronounced by Indonesian tourist guider for Korean can be used in creating humour. Besides, this study also explains the phonological aspects used in Korean tour guide humour. This research applied a descriptive qualitative approach. The data derived from the Korean tour guiders’ utterances. Furthermore, it also applied the literature method. Theories used are generative phonological theory, contact phonology and semantic humour theory. The results of this study indicate that there are specific differences between phonemes in Korean and Indonesian that can be used to create humorous effects. The phonemes include / p /, / b /, / t /, / d /, / k /, / g /, c /, and / j / which are only allophones in Korean but are different phonemes in Indonesian. There are also phonemes / t /, / tt /, / th /, / k /, / kk /, / kh /, / p /, / pp /, / ph /, / c /, / cc /, / ch /, / s / and / ss / which in Korean are contrasted, but in Indonesian they are only free variations. The phonological aspects used in Korean tour guide humour include sound substitution, insertion, sound absorption and a combined process.


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How to Cite
Suamba, I. M., Budiarsa, M., Suastra, I. M., & Dhanawaty, N. M. (2020). Phonological Aspects of Korean Tourism Humour in Bali- Indonesia. The International Journal of Social Sciences World (TIJOSSW), 2(01), 41-50. Retrieved from