Divorced Family-Based Cognitive Training on Reducing Anxiety

The Mindfulness Features Effects

  • Boubeh Bayat Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Keywords: Anxiety, Cognitive, Psychology, Mindfulness, Divorced Family

Abstract

The nature of the current study is semi-experimental with pre-and post-test stages and one group monitor, and the population of this study was all teenage female students who were studying in Tehran in 2016. They were selected by randomized cluster sampling that selected from twenty – two regions of Tehran, one region. From all schools in that area (1 school), 30 individuals were selected by purposeful sampling method and then randomized to experimental and control groups (15 in experimental and 15 in control groups). The study group had eight ninety-minute mindfulness sessions focused on cognitive training plans. However, the monitoring group did not have any psychiatric facilities. Two questionnaires were conducted before and after the interventions. The methods used in this research are the Beck Anxiety Inventory. Covariance analyzes indicate that there are substantial variations in reduced anxiety between the experimental and control groups (p < 0.01). The results of this research show that mindfulness-based cognitive training to reduce anxiety in adolescents of divorced families is successful.

References

Amato, P. R. (2000). The consequences of divorce for adults and children. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 62, 1269-1287.
Anissi J, Salimi SM, Raeesi F, and Niknam M (2007). Evaluation of behaviora problems in adolescents, Journal of Behavioral sciences, 1 (2) pages 163 – 170
Beauchemine J. (2008). Mindfulness meditation may lessen anxiety promote social skills and improve academic performance among adolescents with learning disabilities. J Psychol. (11) :34-45.
Bolat, N., Doğangün, B., Yavuz, M., Demir, T., &Kayaalp, L. (2011). Depression and anxiety levels and selfconcept characteristics of adolescents with congenital complete visual impairment. Turkish Journal of Psychiatry, 22(2) : 77-82
Bologini, M., Plancherel, B., Nunez, R., &Bettschart, W. (1993). Assessment of the effects of age at start of puberty on mental health in pre-adolescence: results of a longitudinal study (1989-1991). Revue
Brewer, M. M. (2010). The effects of child gender and child age at the time of parental divorce on the development of adult
Brown, K. W., & Kasser, T. (2005). Are psychological and ecological well-being compatible? The role of values, mindfulness, and lifestyle. Social indicators research, 74(2), 349-368.
Compton, S. N., Walkup, J. T., Albano, A. M., Piacentini, J. C., Birmaher, B., Sherrill, J. T., ... & Iyengar, S. (2010). Child/adolescent anxiety multimodal study (CAMS): Rationale, design, and methods. Child and adolescent psychiatry and mental health, 4(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.1186/1753-2000-4-1
Craske, M. G., & Hazlett‐Stevens, H. (2002). Facilitating symptom reduction and behavior change in GAD: The issue of control. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 9(1), 69-75. https://doi.org/10.1093/clipsy.9.1.69
Fagan, P. F., & Churchill, A. (2012). The effects of divorce on children. Marriage & Religion Research Institute. Washington DC.[Online] Available: https://downloads. frc. org/EF/EF12A22. pdf.[Accessed 20/03/2016].
Goldin, P. R., & Gross, J. J. (2010). Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on emotion regulation in social anxiety disorder. Emotion, 10(1), 83. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0018441
Goodman., Grand ,M.P., Clark, I.R., andadams,G.R. (2013). The Moderating effect of Identity Style on the Relation Between Adolescent Problem Behavior and Quality of Psycological Functioning. Jtheory and Reseach,8,pp221-248.
Hamill TS, Pickett SM, Amsbaugh HM, Aho KM. (2015). Mindfulness and acceptance in relation to Behavioral Inhibition System sensitivity and psychological distress. PersIndiv Differ. (72):24-29.
Hetherington, E. M., & Kelly, J. (2002). Divorce reconsidered: For better or worse.
Individual and interactive risk factors for anxietyrelated symptoms. J Anxiety Disord. (22):429-40.
Jeremy, A. (2015). The temporal effects of divorces and separations on children's academic achievement and problem behavior. Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, 56, 25- 42.
Kabat‐Zinn, J. (2003). Mindfulness‐based interventions in context: past, present, and future. Clinical psychology: Science and practice, 10(2), 144-156. https://doi.org/10.1093/clipsy.bpg016
Kashdan TB, Zvolensky MJ, McLeish AC. (2008). Anxiety sensitivity and affect regulatory strategies:
Legrand, J. C. (1988). The relationship between selected biographical characteristic and anxiety and depression of participants in a divorce workshop, Texas University.
Loucks Greenwood, J. (2014). Effects of a midto late-life parental divorce on adult children Journalof Divorce & Remarriage, 55, 539-556.
Paterniti, A. (2007). Comparing the efficacy of a mindfulness-based program to a skills-training program in the treatment of test anxiety. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Island, England: University of Islan, 15-18.
Sibinga EM, Perry-Parrish C, Thorpe K, Mika M, Ellen JM. A small mixed-method RCT of mindfulness instruction for urban youth. J Sci Heal. 2014 ;( 3):180-86
Song, Y., & Lindquist, R. (2015). Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on depression, anxiety, stress and mindfulness in Korean nursing students. Nurse education today, 35(1), 86-90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2014.06.010
Weaver, J. M., & Schofield, T. J. (2015). Mediation and moderation of divorce effects on children’s behavior problems. Journal of Family Psychology, 29(1), 39. https://doi.org/10.1037/fam0000043
Zvolensky, M. J., & Smits, J. A. (Eds.). (2007). Anxiety in health behaviors and physical illness. Springer Science & Business Media.
Published
2020-07-30
How to Cite
Bayat, B. (2020). Divorced Family-Based Cognitive Training on Reducing Anxiety. The International Journal of Health and Medicines (TIJOHAM), 1(1), 8-17. Retrieved from https://www.growingscholar.org/journal/index.php/TIJOHAM/article/view/42
Section
Articles